Since the advent of Gutenberg’s printing press in the sixteenth century, the medium of the book has mediated and transformed public spheres and private lives up to the present. During the last century, however, continental philosophers have not only read and written many books, but they have also used “the Book” as a figure for something much more than bound pages and movable type. This presentation loosely follows the journey that “the Book” has taken in recent continental philosophy, not as a mere physical object, but as a metaphysical image for the relationship between human beings and the world. This presentation draws from Lucien Febvre’s The Coming of the Book, Edmond Jabès’ Book of Margins, Jacques Derrida’s “End of the Book,” Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s ‘ontology of the book’ in On the Line, Jean-Francois Lyotard’s figural book, Maurice Blanchot’s The Book to Come, and more, all in order to both challenge and further the age old notion that the world is, and always has been, a book.
Connaught Initiative Entangled Worlds Book Event. February 28th 2022. 12:00-2:00 PM EST.
Thank you, Maria, for this book, and thank you Valentina for the opportunity to respond to it.
Although there is much to be said about the topics that this book works out, I found myself gravitating toward the book’s description of a particular “power formation of our time,” one that “draws energy and political shape not from moving toward a specific goal but by running, like an athlete in training, after itself.” (17). Because I am not an anthropologist or an expert in charismatic Catholicism in Brazil, I want to provide a response that focuses on how The Charismatic Gymnasium reconceptualizes power in and for our time.Continue reading “Power, Breath, and Violence: A response to Maria José de Abreu’s ‘The Charismatic Gymnasium’”
2021 was quite a year, and 2022 is starting off in a dizzying way as well!
For those who encounter this post out of context, I should say that I find it helpful to post updates a few times per year to publicize some of my academic work and keep track of time. I can’t even begin to summarize all that’s happened over the past year, so I’ll try something partial that may give a sense for where my research has been and where it is going next.
In May 2021 I defended my dissertation and completed my PHD in the Religious Studies Department at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. I was fortunate to have a generous committee who gave me an ‘excellent’ rating after my defense and passed my dissertation without mandatory revisions. My supervisor Travis Kroeker, and readers Morny Joy, Dana Hollander, and Dawne McCance were very engaged during my defense and provided me with helpful feedback. I’m excited to say that I’m currently working on revising Ontologies of Violence for a new Brill series called Political and Public Theologies.
Just a day before my defense, a project that I had been working on during the pandemic came to fruition with the publication of a guest-edited special issue of the journal Political Theology. The issue explores new interdisciplinary approaches to Mennonite Political Theology, and includes contributions from secular, feminist, confessional, and historical Mennonite contributors. If you’re interested the introduction can be found here.
In late 2021 another project that I had been developing during my PHD was published as well. I am very pleased to say that last November my book Postsecular History was published by Palgrave Macmillan (Springer Nature) in an all-too-expensive hardback edition with an amazing cover. The book collects several of my essays and explores how secularity and religion are entangled in ways that challenge the concept of the ‘postsecular’ (and other ‘post’ designations).
Apart from a few typos, I couldn’t be more pleased with how it turned out, and I am very excited to share this interview with the editor of Anabaptist Historians that introduces the themes of the book.
I am also looking forward to the upcoming book launch hosted by the Toronto Mennonite Theological Centre. The launch will be moderated by TMTC’s Kyle Gingerich Hiebert, with contributions from my dissertation supervisor Travis Kroeker (McMaster University, Religious Studies Department), my postdoctoral supervisor Pamela Klassen (University of Toronto, Department for the Study of Religion), and my colleagues Jennifer Otto (University of Lethbridge, Religious Studies Department) and Michael Driedger (Brock University, History Department).
This past year also gave me the chance to teach courses at McMaster University and the University of Waterloo, which left me feeling quite fulfilled as I walked students through the complexities of the academic discipline of Religious Studies (at McMaster) and the relationship between religion and conspiracy theories (at Waterloo).
I am keenly aware that after a PHD in the social sciences or humanities many of my peers have been left without work in their field, which makes me all the more grateful to everyone who helped me successfully apply for a SSHRC postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Toronto, where I’m currently working on a book project on religion and conspiracy theories called Critique of Conspiracism, supervised by Dr. Pamela Klassen. If you’re curious about the conspiracy project I recently did an interview with a friend that may be helpful, and I have posted the text of my AAR presentation here.
This year also saw another unbelievable windfall as I took over as director of a small Mennonite publishing company called Pandora Press. It’s a dream come true to be able to work with authors and make some incredible books that will be published in mid-2022, so keep an eye out for books on the history of Mennonites in Quebec, Mennonite-Catholic dialogue, Community Peacemaker Teams in Europe, a study of the Dutch Anabaptist Hans de Ries, and a philosophical novel called Menno in Athens.
In the coming year I also have some exciting new pieces of writing coming out, including a book chapter that consolidates my Mennonite work in this volume, an article on technology and Mennonite ethics in a special issue of the Conrad Grebel Review, and a longer study of Grace Jantzen’s late trilogy in Angelaki. I am also excited to be responding to Maria José de Abreu’s The Charismatic Gymnasium at this event, at the invitation of Valentina Napolitano.
Looking ahead, in the coming weeks and months I will be working on my response to the book launch, a lecture for the UWO Theory Centre on the ‘Metaphysics of the Book,’ a colloquium presentation for the DSR, and a larger public lecture at 11:00 AM on April 27th, as part of this lecture series:
My contribution to the lecture series will be titled “Anabaptism contra Philosophy: On Violence, Enmity, and Interdisciplinarity.” My draft abstract is below for those who are interested (and it is subject to change as I develop the lecture).
What hath Menno to do with Athens, and what hath the Radical Reformation to do with the philosophical Enlightenment? In his forthcoming novel Menno in Athens, Ron Tiessen narrates the travels of a young Mennonite on the islands of Greece and stages what may be the first sustained literary-philosophical encounter between Mennonite and Greek thought. In a key moment, the narrator asks his father, “if you have the proclamation of a truth in one case that is considered divine revelation, and the same proclamation is found in another culture, must we assume that one is divinely inspired and the other not?” The questions Tiessen raises are at the heart of this roundtable series where we place Anabaptism in dialogue with the traditions of western philosophy. How are we to treat the resonances and oppositions between Anabaptist Mennonite identities and philosophers?
In this presentation I argue that the way forward for this dialogue is to fully dignify the similarities and differences between its two ‘sides’ without the comforts of syncretistic unity or the paralyses of irreducible difference. To do this, I will articulate a ‘secular Mennonite social critique’ that uses the critique of redemptive violence to deconstruct rigid oppositions between religion and secularity, theology and philosophy, and ‘the church’ and ‘the world.’ Beginning from the assumption that these terms do not name stable phenomena, but instead are conceptual tools that are used and abused for diverse purposes, this presentation critiques the imposition of enmity and competition onto the names and concepts we use to make sense of this discourse and this world. The wager of this lecture is that if the Anabaptist Mennonite community is truly committed to the critique of violence and pursuit of peace, then a critical reconceptualization of interdisciplinarity is essential, lest we allow suspicion, fear, and reactivity to define the terms of our encounters with others and ourselves.
Beyond that, I am excited to develop my work on violence, religion, and conspiratorial thinking in new directions by exploring themes from trauma studies, indigenous data sovereignty, and the ‘quantification of the social‘ in theoretical ways that critique methodological forms of violence, and in concrete ways that could have ramifications for public health and other forms of care work.
Until next time,
I recently did an interview with the editor of Anabaptist Historians, and it is now available here under the title “Histories of the Postsecular.” I think it’s a great introduction to the themes of my book Postsecular History and its connection with my other work.
Violence, Religion, and Conspiratorial Thinking
Presentation for the Religion and Popular Culture Unit at the American Academy of Religion meetings held online and in San Antonio, Texas on Monday, November 22nd 2021.
In his preface to the Brill Handbook of Conspiracy Theory and Contemporary Religion, Michael Barkun writes that,
If we look at the most sweeping conspiracy theories, they insist that nothing happens by accident; nothing is as it seems; and that everything is connected. Yet these salient characteristics are strikingly similar to the features of many religious belief systems. To be sure, this is not to say that religions are conspiracy theories, only that there are structural similarities that sometimes lead them to join hands.
But I fear that in our current social and political environment, only a few years after these words were published, Barkun’s claim seems very understated. Connections between religions and conspiracy theories are much stronger than is accurately communicated by the image of joined hands, not only because many American Christian evangelicals have fully embraced QAnon conspiracy theories, but also because the underlying vision of these three claims – “nothing happens by accident; nothing is as it seems; everything is connected” – is very religious.Continue reading “Violence, Religion, and Conspiratorial Thinking (AAR 2021)”
The launch will begin with an introduction to the book by Kyle Gingerich Hiebert, followed by responses from my dissertation supervisor Travis Kroeker (McMaster University, Religious Studies Department), my postdoctoral supervisor Pamela Klassen (University of Toronto, Department for the Study of Religion), and my colleagues Jennifer Otto (University of Lethbridge, Religious Studies Department) and Michael Driedger (Brock University, History Department).
The manuscript by Mennonite historian Robert Friedmann that I produced an edition of has recently been reviewed in the Conrad Grebel Review by Astrid von Schlachta – a scholar of the Hutterites who is a lecturer at the University of Regensburg and directs the Mennonite Research Center in Weierhof, Germany.
In the end, Friedmann calls for seeking a mature life that is concerned with learning “the art of meaningful living and the art of making responsible decision[s].” His quest, as outlined in this book, aims at a holistic education of the human being and the education of the heart, in a long process of searching in which the person is not satisfied with stereotypical answers and rote knowledge. Knowledge must be put into practice. This path excludes empty generalizations and calls upon us to be mature, free, and personally responsible, yet always in contact with God and oriented towards the community.– Conrad Grebel Review 38.3 (Fall 2020): 273-276.